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April 16, 1941     Cold Spring Record
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April 16, 1941
 

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COLD SPRING. MINN.. RECORD WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS By Edward C. Wayne Hitler's Spring Drive Into Balkans Follows Usual Pattern of Nazi 'Blitz' Greeks and Jugoslavs Fall Back; Axis Powers Register African Gains (EDITOR'S NOTEs--When opinions are expressed In these columns, they are those of the news analyst and not necessarily of this newspaper.) (Released by Western Newspaper Union.t liili; ..... ;iii:~ii:/:il;ji::i@ ........ :,~:~,i~ii; ~!i~!i!~!i~ii~:/; i! ii::~i~i~iiiiiiiiiiii!::;::i::iiil;ii!iiiiii!ii:~il;il ..... ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: ":':::::!.: :i: :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: EL AGHEILA, LIBYA.--Beyond this Nazi armored tank waves a swas- tika from a building in this Libyan coastal town. Since the Nazis joined the Italian troops in the Libyan sector previous sensational successes by the British have been wiped out and much territory formerly won is now in axis hands. B ." ing virtual evacuation of the port ALKANS_ b ~r__; n y Greek troops. Bmtmh troops ~azt rower have not yet gone into action." The sudden onslaught of the Nazi _ One of the five fronts on which the troops on five fronts against Juno- Germans attacked was around slavia and Greece came with terri- Skoplje, in southwestern Jugoslavia, lying swiftness and in the early a vital railroad link between the days of the conflict it was evident Greeco-British and Jugoslav forces. that a delaying action was the most Early in the conflict German panzer that the Greeks could offer and that divisions captured Skoplje, and the Jugoslavs, prepared vnentally, drove a wedge through the Vardar ,but unprepared physically to resist, valley. The Germans reported ta.k- could do little but harass the ad- mg more than 20,000 pmsoners m vance of the invader, this action, and radioed photographs Hungarian troops were also or- dered to enter Jugoslavian territory separated from Hungary after the war of 1914-1918. Events moved swiftly in those first few days. Immediately the city of Belgrade, perilously close to the border, and in the center of a plain, was declared an "open city" and that the Jugoslavs would not defend it. However, the first act of the Nazi bombers was to deliver a series of assaults on Belgrade, closely fol- lowed by similar attacks on Sara- jevo, Nis, Zagreb and other points of military importance to the invading army. The attack on Belgrade may or may not have put the city entirely hors du combat, but the immediate effect was to shut off all communi- cation with the outside world, and that caused the reports of the early phases of the new war to be frag- mentary and conflicting to the ut- most degree. One heard that the Jugoslavs were invading neighboring countries, had taken Flume, were bombing Sofia-- and in the same breath the Germans claimed the capture of Nis, the raz- ing of Belgrade, the cutting of vital railroad lines. Only the British reports seemed to carry conviction, together with those from Athens. The former pre- dicted a general withdrawal, and the latter told how that withdrawal was being carried out. But from the start it had been ex- pected by this country that Salonika would be defended, and that the British had 150,000 to 200,000 troops in that general neighborhood, and were prepared to make a serious de- fense of the port. Then the British announced that Salonika might fall, and gave rise to the general belief that perhaps the British forces were not so numerous or so strong as at first stated. Suddenly came the word that the British had only 60,000 to 90,000 troops on the scene, and that they were in the second line of defense, "ready to veer to east or west as the situation demanded." This was the answer to the dis- patches of the first few days, which did not reveal the British in contact with the enemy at any point. They were, in this report, placed in the vicinity of Katerine, which put them somewhat in the center, between two main forces of Greeks. Closely following this dispatch came a report from Berlin claiming that their troops had entered Sa]on- ika, and from Athens itself came the following terse, yet disquieting re- port: "The German blitz has split Greek forces in two with a wedge driven down west of Salonika, trapping un- counted thousands of troops defend- ing the line of the Truma river." Right on the heels of this report, unpleasant to Americans who were hoping that the Nazi attack on north- ern Greece might be halted, came the word from London "German troops have entered Salonlka follow- I HIGHLIGH showing long lines of truckloads of Serb and Crotian prisoners going along mountain roads, passing for- ward-moving Nazi divisions on the way. While the United States, led by President Roosevelt's promises of sympathy and aid to Jugoslavia and Greece during this invasion, was watching with anxiety and hope for some more favorable news, the gen- eral tone of opinion was that the story of Poland and Finland was be- Lug rewritten before their eyes. Americans interested in seeing something like this happen again scanned the news dispatches in vain for signs that the Nazi putsch was bogging down. The shock of the fall of Salonika was matched by the shock to learn that the British forces were rela- tively small, but the fact that they were in a reported "second line" gave some measure of hope to those anxiously watching the defense that "something might happen" when the second line was reached and went into action. FASCISTS: Move in Africa The war was not only taking a Nazi turn in Jugoslavia and Greece, but in northern Africa as well with combined Fascist-Nazi troops def- initely on the forward move again. As in a football game, the British had evidently "lost the ball," and unless the Anzacs could hold the Fascists "for downs," there might be a drive to a touchdown in Libya. It was odd that the reports of the advances in Libya by the Italo- German forces should have coincid- ed with dispatches saying that Gem Sir Archibald Wavell and large num- bers of "picked troops" had been sent to Greece. Whether this was true or not could not be learned, but if so, it was an interesting coincidence that the backward movement of the British in Libya tallied in time with the ru- mor that Wavell was gone to another field. The British, in their forward drive, had gone past Sidi Barrani to Derna, and thence to Bengasi, the Libyan capital. Photos of British troops taking down street signs, put- ting up their own, and other reports tended to the belief that Italy was knocked out of the war in Africa, and that it was "all over but the shouting." Suddenly Berlin reported a minor success on the Libyan front, and then, with equal suddenness Britain began announcing that there would be withdrawals, that Wavell's forces would pick their own line of defense and fall back to that. Came the fall of Bengasi, and then the fall of Derna, with the British still back-pedalling and fighting a ~rear-guard action all the way. In Eritrea and Ethiopia, however, the British continued their success, making mass attacks on Massaua, the sole remaining point of military importance. T S... in the news [ JACKSONVILLE, FIa.--A Negro stole a car, and the police knew the car was gone, and figured he'd soon run out of gas and abandon it. But the car kept moving, and was re- ported here, there, everywhere. They couldn't figure where he was getting "gas" money. They found Uncle Sam was providing. The man had found a WPA courtesy card in the car and was using it to get credit--to buy gas. NORFOLK, Va.--Coast guards- men were dragging waters off the Eastern Shore of Virginia, seeking wreckage of a huge patrol bomber thought to have carried 10 navy men in its crew to their deaths. Bodies of some of the crew had been found, and others were sought. The men were making a simple transfer flight when the accident happened. The accident was being investigated by naval authorities. 'Royal' Eviction OAKLAND, CALIF.---Otto de Bourbon Hapsburg, 65, who claims to be a pretender to the French throne; his daughter, 32, and two sons, 41 and 40, accord- ing to reports, were evicted from their house in Oakland for al- leged non-payment oJ rent. Otto Leopold, the elder son, is shown ..... SOUPS FOR EVERY OCCASION . . . (See Recipes Below) above carrying part o] his per- SOUP'S ON! sonal belongings. ~ ._ THIS WEEK'S MENU Soups may be a substantial addi- SUNDAY-N-~-~SUPPER tion to a rather lean menu, or a *Potato Cheese Soup STRIKES: distinctive touch to a dinner de lnxe, Apple-Celery Salad With Sour New Turn for they vary all the way from the Cream Dressing thin, clear, delicate consommes and Nut Bread Apricot Jam Strike news continued sensational, bouillons to the hearty chowders and hut took somewhat a turn for the satisfying cream soups. Beverage better, with the Dykstra Mediation Economical, tasty, nutritious-- *Recipe given. board settling the Allis-Chalmerswhat more could you ask of a dish strike and making headway both onso versatile? Make soup the main-utes. Pour over a mound of hot the threatened walkout against U. S. Steel and the big Ford strike at stay of a family lunch or supper or boiled rice placed in individual soup the perfect beginning for a "com- dishes. Yield: 6 servings. River Rouge. pany" dinner. Duchess Soup. But the news, while somewhat bet.A little "dressing up" can play 2 tablespoons minute tapioca ter from the standpoint of the na- fairy godmother to the plainest dish 1 teaspoon salt tional defense, was still disquieting enough. Most sensational of the -yes, even soup. Vs teaspoon pepper Most people eat 1 tablespoon onion, finely chopped stories was the claim that C.I.O. chieftains had been canvassing local unions throughout the United States seeking to find what sentiment, if any, there was for a general strike if the Bridges deportation move should be carried out. The Bridges case was in the hear- ing stage when this move was un- covered in Washington when Sidney Hillman of OPM was asked by a house committee investigating the national defense program to investi- gate the report. Mr. Hillman expressed surprise at the question and said he did not be- lieve that any such move was being carried out. Mr. Hillman said that Philip Murray, president of the C.I.O. and chairman of the Steel Workers Organizing committee, would not tolerate a strike against the defense program. This report by Mr. Hillman came just one day after Mr. Murray had made a surprise visit to the White House at the invitation of President Roosevelt, and then had made a fly- ing trip to Detroit, and later had an- nounced that the projected strike against U. S. Steel would be held in abeyance for a time, ostensibly to permit work by mediators and con- ciliators to avert the strike entirely. The report came from a mediator in New York that part of the coal strike difficulties had been settled. He said that the reopening of other mines had been delayed, and appar- ently the main difficulty was a dif- ference in attitude between Northern and Southern Appalachian mine op- erators concerning the demands of the United Mine Workers. The mediator said: "We are trying desperately to ef- fect a complete accord and to sta- bilize this backbone industry for a period of two years." He also said that the schism between the two geo- graphical portions of the operators group was causing the chief dif- ficulty. In the meantime there were signs that the mediation efforts in the Ford strike were bearing fruit, when Governor Van Wagoner of Michigan wired President Roosevelt as fol- lows: "Please do not approve certifica- tion of the Ford strike to the Defense Mediation Board before I have talked with you. I am in conference now with Philip Murray and James Dewey (the conciliator)." This made it look, at least for the moment, as though some settlement of the dispute, which has tied up $155,000,000 in defense material, might be at hand. SHIP AID: On Move The ships-for-Britain end of the aid law was well on the move, with the President formally seeking from congress the right to take posses- sion of the 36 Danish merchantmen now in American waters. Mr. Roosevelt said his advisers were convinced they had every right to take over the German and Italian ships, regardless of the protests of the two Axis governments. It was plain from the White House comment that the government pro- posed to combine the three groups of ships into one fleet, and in time to use the whole fleet in defense trans- port. The government will go far, it was believed, to keep this line of transport open and under way until deliveries begin on the 950 new mer- chant ships now being cormtructed. In addition, at the same time, the British announced that this country is turning over to them 10 United States coast guard cutters for aid in the war against Nazi subs. with their eyes, first of all. So, if you wish your soups to take on a party air, gar- nish them entic- ingly. Try sprin- kling with but- tered croutons, chopped parsley, a few grains of popcorn, toasted puffed cereals, minced chives, a dash of paprika, or a few tiny round crackers; or place a spoonful of whipped cream in the center. For extra goodness, why not try cheese in soup? It will draw a big stamp of approval, as you will see if you try Potato Cheese Soup. Here's the recipe: *Potato Cheese Soup. (See picture at top of column) 3 medium sized potatoes 2 cups boiling water 2 to 3 cups milk 3 tablespoons butter small onion 1 teaspoon salt 2 tablespoons flour Pepper, cayenne 1 tablespoon parsley 1 cup cheese, grated Cock potatoes in boiling salted wa- tor until tender. Put through a strainer. Measure the liquid and add enough milk to make four cups. Scald. Melt the butter, add the finely chopped onion and simmer five minutes. Add the flour and sea- sonings and combine with the potato mixture Cook three minutes and strain, if desired. Add cheese and beat until smooth. Add chopped parsley, top with buttered croutons. Manhattan Clam Chowder. cup diced salt pork 2 cups diced potatoes 1 dry onion, diced 1 cup water 2 cups milk 1 can minced clams (about 1 cup) Salt and pepper Cook the diced pork and onion, stirring constantly 'til they are ten. der but not browned. Add the po- tatoes and water and simmer until the potatoes are t~nder. If the one cup of water is not sufficient to cov- er the potatoes, more should be add- ed. When the potatoes are tender, add the milk and clams and season- ings and heat thoroughly. Serve with crisp, salted crackers. One Dish Supper Soup. sA cup rice 1 cup chopped celery 2 small onions 1 green pepper 1 pint tomatoes 6 eggs cup cheese 3 cups water Salt Add choppea celery and onions to a kettle of boiling water. Add chopped green pepper. Cook slowly 15 minutes. Add tomatoes. Just be- fore serving, break the eggs into the hot soup. Sprinkle with cheese. Cover. Keep in warm place 5 min- LYNN SAYS: The water in which vegetables have been cooked, and left-over cooked vegetables may often be utilized in making excellent soups. M~ute tapioca, because of its thickening quality and attractive translucence, makes an excellent thickener. Once thickened to the desired consistency, cream soups should be kept warm over hot water. Evaporation caused by additional cooking may make them thick and pasty. U 4 cups milk 2 tablespoons butter cup grated cheese 2 tablespoons parsley, chopped Combine dry ingredients, onion, and milk in top of double boiler. Place over rapidly boiling water, bring to scalding point (allow 5 to 7 minutes), cook 5 minutes, stirring frequently. Add remaining ingredi- ents; cook until cheese is melted. Serves 6. Old-Fashioned Vegetable Soup. 2 quarts soup stock (see directions) 1 cups potatoes, diced ~A cup celery, cut in strips 2 small onions, sliced cup peas 1 cups carrots, cut in strips 1 cups canned tomatoes Salt and pepper 2 tablespoons parsley finely chopped Heat stock, add vegetables and seasonings, and cook gently until vegetables are tender. Add chopped parsley and serve. Makes 8 por- tions. Cream of Onion Soup. 2 tablespoons rice 2 medium-sized onions 2 tablespoons butter 1 cup water 1 teaspoon meat extract or a bouil- lon cube 3 cups milk Salt and pepper Chop the onions and cook in the fat until slightly yellow. Add the water, rice and meat extract or bouillon cube, and cook until the rice and onions are tender. Add the milk, reheat, and season with salt and pepper. Yield: 4 cups. Russian Borsch. 1 pound soup meat 6 cups water 1 teaspoon salt ~/a teaspoon pepper ! cups potatoes, large cubes cup grated raw beets 1 tablespoon chopped parsley 1 large onion 1 large carrot 1 tablespoon butter 2 cups medium-chopped cabbage 1 cup beets cut in -inch strips 6 tablespoons sour cream Cover meat with water, add salt and pepper and boil for 10 minutes. Cut onion and carrot in strips and brown in but- ter. Add to soup and boil for 1 hour, replacing water as it boils away. Add cab- bage and beet strips to soup and cook until beets are tender, about 30 minutes. Add potatoes and cook until tender, or about 15 minutes. Just before serving, add grated raw beets and pour immediately into serving dishes. Place 1 spoon of sour cream in center of each serving and sprinkle with parsley. Makes 6 servings. Soup Stock. 3 pounds shin of beef 3 quarts cold water Cut meat in pieces free from fat, and place in kettle. Add water, partly cover, and heat slowly to boil- ing point. Simmer gently five hours, removing scum as it forms. Keep meat well covered with water. Then remove meat and set broth aside to cool. Skim fat from broth. Strain liquor carefully through fine sieve or Cheesecloth. Chill. This gives a clear broth, free from fat, to be used as basis for soups. Makes about quarts stock. NEW IDEAS By RUTH WYETH THE pink and green chintz ered boxes on these shelves are lined with plain cambric and they are hinged that the front may be opened out taking off the lid. Any box good stiff cardboard may hinged and covered in this Library paste may be used. adhesive tape to hinge the Cut the box lid straight with a sharp knife three in from the front edge. Cut I-~-~.C UT WITH ]c., // I-'C I" I IF l s EPm I ~- ~ o~ rap at I ~i~t ~.~. co_re.a9st' P'IATERI~L the front of the box and hinge | pieces in place. Now, cut t paste the covering pieces, as rected in the sketch. Apply paste on both the back of the ric and the box and smooth material in place with a dry, c cloth. Cover sides first with tic straight around and about inch over edges; then cover'! and bottom; then the inner sid with the plain fabric inch ! low the edges and inch o~ the top and bottom; then coy the top and bottom inside. NOTE: Complete directions for mal~ e zipper garment bag similar to the~t illustrated will be found in Book 6. may also want to make a matching pocket. Complete directions for cut~ and making are in Book 4. If you do have these useful booklets, send order MRS. RUTH WYETH SPEARS Drawer 10 Bedford Hills New Enclose 10 cents for Book 6, I0 cents for Book ~. Name ... Address ............................ , We really can't say. But thousandse ADLERIKA users say they feel way after ADLERIKA relieves of bad breath, gas pains brought on by s stipation. Try ADLERIKA for DOUBLE action -- 6 carminatives t relief of gas pains; $ laxatives QUICK action. The druggist corner has ADLERIKA --- TODAY; Dangers Surround Man is never watchful against dangers that every hour.--Horace. HEED THIS ADVICE Thousands of ~re lng larto ~0nkhaund'- famous let'S ---made espc~ly ~or helped thousands to relieve nervous Cannot Fall He that is down needs fear fall, he that is low, no Bunyan. RAZOR BLADES ABK YOUR DEALER FOR OUTSTANDING BLADE BLADES "TAKING THE COUNTRY BY KNOWN FROM COAST TO CU~ COMPANY - ERI HAN buys something space and circulation the columns of this paper. It buys space circulation plus the able consideration of readers for this LET US MORE &ROUT